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Two cities, two police shootings, two very totally different presidents. We check out how Presidents Barack Obama and Donald Trump dealt with civil unrest and racial tensions.

Ferguson, Missouri, and Kenosha, Wisconsin, will each have a spot within the historical past books. Each cities have seen large protests – at instances violent – in opposition to police brutality and racism, each sparked by the shootings of younger, black males by white members of regulation enforcement.

These occasions examined each presidents on problems with race, policing and protests. Here is how they reacted.

What occurred in Ferguson and Kenosha?

Eighteen 12 months outdated Michael Brown was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer on 9 August, 2014.

The precise particulars of what occurred that day stay disputed. We all know Officer Darren Wilson encountered Mr Brown on the street round noon; there might have been a scuffle – and three minutes later Mr Brown was lifeless on the street from at the least seven gunshot wounds. Mr Wilson mentioned he shot in self-defence.

His loss of life set off weeks of protests throughout the US and added momentum to the Black Lives Matter motion.

On 23 August in Kenosha, 29-year-old Jacob Blake was shot seven instances within the again by a police officer throughout an arrest, as he tried to get right into a automotive the place his three youngsters have been seated. Mr Blake continues to be recovering in hospital, paralysed from the waist down.

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Media captionJacob Blake: Evaluating Trump and Biden’s Kenosha visits

The incident instantly sparked protests in Kenosha and elsewhere. In Kenosha, the demonstrations at instances turned violent – two folks have been killed throughout one evening of unrest, allegedly by a white pro-police teenager.

What have been their first responses?

5 days after Michael Brown was killed, Mr Obama requested America to “take a step again” and take into consideration the best way to transfer ahead. Urging calm, the president mentioned he’d already directed his justice division and the FBI to research Michael Brown’s loss of life whereas guiding native regulation enforcement on dealing with demonstrations with out “pointless escalation”.

As he highlighted the “heart-breaking” circumstances of the black teen’s loss of life, he additionally emphasised there was “by no means an excuse for violence in opposition to police” or, likewise, “extreme pressure in opposition to peaceable protest”.

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Former president Barack Obama confronted some criticism for not visiting Ferguson

Flash-forward to 2020, and one other week in late summer time.

5 days after the capturing of Jacob Blake, Mr Trump responded to a reporter’s query about video of the incident by saying: “It was not an excellent sight, I did not just like the sight of it, actually.”

Days later, Mr Trump spoke about “unhealthy apples” and uncommon errors amongst police in an interview with Fox Information, remarking: “Capturing a man within the again many instances – I imply could not you might have executed one thing totally different? Could not you might have wrestled him?”

  • What will we learn about Jacob Blake’s capturing?

Did they formally tackle the nation?

We heard from Mr Obama when a grand jury declined to cost the policeman concerned within the capturing on 24 November.

Issuing a press release from the White Home, he reiterated that now was a time for studying and therapeutic. He acknowledged the nation’s “legacy of racial discrimination” but additionally underscored that “there are good folks on all sides of this debate, in addition to in each Republican and Democratic events” who wish to see reform.

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‘There are good folks on all sides of this debate,’ Obama mentioned

Mr Obama mentioned: “These ought to be the teachings that we draw from these tragic occasions.”

Mr Trump has not made a proper speech on the Kenosha protests.

He did ship a speech from the White Home in June after George Floyd’s loss of life set off large protests across the nation, saying America was “rightly sickened and revolted” by the incident whereas repeating his mantra of regulation and order.

Did they go to?

Mr Obama by no means visited Ferguson, although he’d instructed he would possibly as soon as the state of affairs calmed down. After Lawyer Basic Eric Holder went in his place, some black leaders criticised Mr Obama for handing off his duties because the nation’s first black president.

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Media caption’This is not new to African People’

On 1 September, Mr Trump flew out to Kenosha – regardless of Wisconsin’s governor requesting him to remain away. The president did not meet Jacob Blake’s household, nonetheless, since he mentioned they needed their lawyer to be current, which Mr Trump discovered “inappropriate”.

As an alternative, Mr Trump spoke to native regulation enforcement who he mentioned “did such an excellent job for me”.

Did they defend the police?

Sure – each presidents have been fast to help regulation enforcement, however with totally different nuances.

When two officers have been shot in Ferguson, Mr Obama excoriated the “criminals” he mentioned have been detracting from the actual points. In his rebuke, he once more rehashed the notion of “like-minded, good-spirited folks on either side”, saying regulation enforcement have a “terrifically robust job” whilst he famous biases in policing.

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Protesters and supporters lined the street as President Donald Trump’s motorcade handed on the best way to Kenosha

Then in March 2015, Mr Obama defended the findings of his justice division when officers declined to press federal expenses in opposition to the officer who shot Michael Brown.

“You’ll be able to’t simply cost him anyway as a result of what occurred was tragic,” he mentioned.

As we strategy the 2020 election, Mr Trump has branded himself the president of “regulation and order”. He mentioned that whereas some tragic instances contain “unhealthy cops… in different instances, they choke”.

On Twitter, he is heaped reward on Nationwide Guard troops and native police as they quell unrest throughout the states.

Chatting with police in Kenosha on 1 September, Mr Trump mentioned “reckless far-left politicians proceed to push the damaging message that our nation and regulation enforcement are oppressive or racist”.

How did they use federal powers?

There are two entities on the centre of this query – the Nationwide Guard and federal brokers (suppose FBI and the US Marshals).

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Wisconsin’s governor deployed the Nationwide Guard and the federal authorities deployed federal brokers

Mr Obama despatched FBI brokers alongside along with his legal professional common to assist Ferguson police quell the unrest and examine the capturing that sparked all of it. There have been Nationwide Guard troops as properly – however these have been deployed by Missouri’s governor, as is customary.

Mr Trump, in the meantime, has been outspoken about his federal powers, brandishing federal regulation enforcement and Nationwide Guard as each forces he wields and might deploy.

However Wisconsin’s governor had already mobilised the state troops a day earlier than Mr Trump mentioned he insisted the guard be referred to as in. Nationwide Guard troops are historically managed by state governors – they determine to activate and deploy them, not the president.

Mr Trump did ship some 200 FBI and different federal brokers, together with the US Marshals, to Kenosha.

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President Trump toured components of Kenosha affected by unrest

Can presidents ever “federalise” the state guard? Sure, and it is occurred earlier than, albeit hardly ever.The guard was final managed by a president throughout 1992’s Rodney King riots.

How did they present empathy?

From his first remarks on Ferguson, Mr Obama referred to as for calm with out casting apart the “heartbreaking and tragic circumstances” that began the unrest.

“He was 18 years outdated,” Mr Obama mentioned of Michael Brown. “His household won’t ever maintain Michael of their arms once more.”

Later, the president additionally admitted his personal shortcomings within the response, telling GQ journal in 2015: “If I have been to do it over once more, there could be one thing I might say that will’ve crystallised it extra successfully.” There was a spot, he mentioned, between the capturing and the way rapidly his administration might “pull collectively a police job pressure, suggestions”.

Mr Trump remarked that the video of Blake’s arrest was upsetting, although his response has favoured empathising with regulation enforcement greater than protesters.

On 31 August, Mr Trump did say he spoke to the Blake household’s pastor – a “great man” – and conveyed his finest regards to the household.

Reporting by Ritu Prasad